Cadastre-se Jogo das Vocações Simulado Busca

Simulado On-Line
INGLÊS - UFJF (1999)

01- Reading the Title of the text, LAND OF GREAT WATERS, associated with the LEAD of the same text, you understand that it refers to:




LEAD:Our immense Amazon jungle is called a rain forest. It may be that the word immense" is
not big enough to express the greatness of the region. The Amazon exaggerates everything: water
as far as you can see, enormous trees, a wide diversity of plants and animals, intense colors, the
beauty of the sunset. The scenery seems to present everything larger than life.


     In the heart of the Amazon, English is the most common language used by visitors to try to put
into words the experience of being in a place that practically ignores the presence of human beings.
Americans, British, Spanish, Chinese, Germans, French, Swiss, Japanese, Italians and many more
have already discovered the beauty of the Amazon region, and English is the basic means of
communication between them. Brazilian tourists seem to still carry the prejudice that ecotourism in

10 the Amazon is typical "bummer". Wrong. Bold investments have created a first-world hotel
infrastructure right in the jungle, and without destroying or modifying the scenery.
     The jungle lodges draw people from all over the world, in search of adventure. To them, names
like piranha, alligator, anaconda and boto have an air of mystery about them.
     What has been observed so far is that tourists are not only interested adventure in the Amazon.

Just getting away from everything and everybody, and being in direct contact with Nature -
without necessarily having to give up all creature comforts - even attracts ewlyweds looking for a
non-traditional honeymoon spot.
     Contact with animals heretofore seen only in books and movies, sleeping in wooden cabins built
practically in the tops of trees (and even at that, with a fan, bed, electric lights and even a TV),


going piranha fishing in the late afternoon or waking up to the calls of parrots, are all a part of the
basic program for first timers.

a)the exaggeration of animals and plants;
b)the exaggeration of the size of the trees and plants;
c)not only the immensity of the forest but also the volume of water existing there;
d)only the volume of water of the Amazon.

2) According to the second paragraph, "In the heart of the Amazon, English..." has been considered:

a)the language used by everybody to communicate with one another;
b)the means of communication among tourists, native people and investors;
c)the language spoken by the community members when welcoming tourists;
d)the basic means of communicating international tourists’ experiences.

3) "mystery", mentioned in paragraph three is related to:

a)tourists` experiences guided by local people’s trips about the region;
b)tourists` visits to immense and far touristic points existing in the jungle;
c)visitor’s expeditions to find unexpected and undiscovered objects in the Amazon;
d)visitor’s experiences with local live-happenings of the Amazon.

4) In lines 10-11, it is understood that:

a)poor investments have been applied to that region until now, modifying the scenery;
b)great investments have been planned to start hotel infrastructure constructions;
c)great investments done in the jungle have provided visitors with comfort accommodations keeping the scenery;
d)bold investments will be the only solution for making the region prosperous without destroying the scenery.

5) The basic program for first timers involves:

a)adventure, contact with nature and animals and live experiences;
b)taking part in movies and stories generally found in books;
c)going piranha fishing and sleeping in very primitive cabins;
d)waking up surrounded by a lot of animals’ sounds.

6) "... English is the most common language used by visitors..."

The corresponding active sentence for the one above is:

a)visitors used English as it is the most common language ;
b)visitors uses English as it is the most common language;
c)visitors have used english as it is the most common language;
d)visitors use English as it is the most common language.

7) The two underlined words in lines 9 and 10 mean respectively:

a)prejuízo e perda de tempo;
b)prejuízo e sem atencão;
c)preconceito e fora de moda;
d)preconceito e sem atrativo.

8) The part of the sentence in line 16, "- without necessarily having to give up all creature comforts –" can be substituted by:

a)with not necessity to have to offer comfort to people;
b)with no possibility to find housing comforts;
c)with no necessity to desist from housing comforts;
d)with no necessity to describe the housing comforts.

"... Amazon jungle..."(line 1)

"... the jungle lodges..."(line 12)

"... creature comforts..."(line16)

The underlined words USED in the sentences above are all:

d)compound nouns.

10) The part of the sentence below can be rewritten as:
"... contact with animals seen only in books and movies..." (line 18)

a)"...animals who are seen only in books and movies...";
b)"...animals whose are seen only in books and movies...";
c)"...animals which are seen only in books and movies...";
d)"...animals whom are seen only in books and movies...".